London is a honey pot of culture, art, entertainment, history, shopping and fine dining. You could spend a year in London and still not see everything. If you have three weeks, you might be able to see all of these.
Know the main Landmarks in London: London is a great city in England, with several tourist attractions including ancient and medieval buildings with a charming appearance. There is a lot of history behind the monuments of London. Here you will learn and find out more about each tourist spot in London, so you can plan your visit to London ahead while seeing their favourite sights of London. Or simply to learn more about one of the most beautiful and impressive cities in the world.
The West End of London is part of the district of Westminster and takes around 8 km, with several restaurants, nightclubs, cinemas and theatres. A super famous and popular area in the heart of London with several tourist attractions.
1. Big Ben – The Clock Tower: Built between 1840 and 1860 Big Ben is the name of the bell that hangs in the tower of the British Parliament on the edge of the Thames. Being one of the most prominent landmarks of London and one of the main sights of the city with an intense baroque architecture in detail. The Big Ben is located in central London in Westminster, being part of the Palace of Westminster. Nearest Underground Station: Westminster.
2. Palace of Westminster. Palace of Westminster (House of Parliament) is located by the River Thames in Westminster district. Formerly the palace used to be the residence of the British Royal Family, today is the seat of the British Parliament Nearest Underground Station: Westminster.
3.London Eye: It’s a huge Ferris wheel that sits right next to the Palace of Westminster, the edge of the River Thames close to Big Ben, with a fantastic view of London. An ideal place to see the view from the centre of London on a sunny day walking Nearest Underground Station: Westminster or Waterloo.
4. Abbey Westminster Abbey: A very beautiful 11th century Gothic cathedral, where the royal coronation takes place. It is the preferred location for royal weddings, including William and Kate. Several famous people, including scientists, doctors and generals were buried in the church of Westminster Nearest Underground Station: Westminster.
5. Cathedral of St Paul’s: An Anglican Cathedral in London city built in the 17th century in one of the oldest parts of London, the City, which was established in Roman times as a trading point on the edge of the River Thames.One of the most recognizable sights of London with grand architecture and spectacular views of London. Nearest Underground Station: St. Paul’s or Mansion House Station.
6. Buckingham Palace : Official residence of the British monarchy since 1837 with 775 apartments, is open to the public from July to September.On display are the real treasures, such that, Rembrandt paintings, sculptures by Canova, Sevres porcelain and one of the finest furniture in the world. A Changing of the Guard is one of the most famous sights of London – a ritual where the soldiers that protect the queen swap round – starts daily at 11.30 am Monday to Saturday and 10 am on Sundays between April and July (alternate days between August and March). Nearest Underground Station: Victoria.
7. The Tower of London: At the beginning of the year 1080 William the Conqueror began building a massive stone tower at the centre of its stronghold in London, a construction like never seen before. The tower is a complex building with multiple rooms of four concentric rings of defence surrounded by water. The main function of the tower is defence, and also a palace and royal prison where Queen Elizabeth I was held captive during the Inquisition in 1554. The Tower of London has a macabre history for being used as a prison and torture chamber in the Middle Ages. During World War II the tower was used once again to hold prisoners of war. This castle was originally used as residence of the royal family, but since 1100 has been used as a prison for people accused of infidels. Today is one of the most popular tourist attractions of London Nearest tube station: Tower Hill.
8. Tower Bridge: Built in 1894 this bridge has become an icon of London and is considered an ingenious construction with advanced engineering for its time. From atop the bridge at 42 meters height there is an amazing view of the river Thames. The Tower Bridge in London is a great and well famous landmark of London, with an extraordinary view of the city metro station: Tower Hill.
9. British Museum: The British Museum is open every day of the week and it is free to enter. The museum contains an extensive collection on the history and culture of mankind. Nearest Underground Station: Holborn
10. Madame Tussaud’s: A major London tourist attractions. Museum of wax sculptures with replicas of the most famous people in the world. Nearest Underground Station: Baker Street.
Map of London Sightseeing Tours – When you come to London worth planning your trip and tours that will take you to London in time to see everything you want. Also obtain the map of the London Underground to help you locate in London.
Roadmaps Tourism London – wander around London in a day:
- traditional collective bus
- or tourist bus
- routes for walking
- boat ride on the River Thames (Thames)
Most famous tourist attractions of London
11. Westminster Cathedral: Main Catholic Church of England, is located in the district of Westminster in London. Has a tower 64 meters high with a great view of London. Nearest Underground Station: Victoria.
12.The Millennium Bridge (Millennium Bridge): A suspension pedestrian bridge, built in the year 2000 over the River Thames to mark the millennium of 325 meters long made of steel, connecting to St. Paul’s Cathedral in London with City the Tate Modern and Shakespeare Theatre on Bankside. The alignment of the bridge produces a perfect front view of the Cathedral across the river framed by the bridge support Metro Station: London Bridge, Southwark or Mansion House.
13. Marble Arch: Built in 1828, designed by John Nash, it was originally an entrance to Buckingham Palace. It is close to Hyde Park, at the west end of Oxford Street.
14. Admiralty Arch: A magnificent arch located at the end of The Mall. The Mall, which runs down to Buckingham Palace Metro Station.:Charing Cross, Embankment.
15. Greenwich: Located on the south bank of the River Thames, forms part of South East London, famous for being the Greenwich meridian that marks the degree of longitude 0 °. The tourist attractions include the Royal Astronomical Observatory, the Maritime Centre, the 24-hour clock, the Royal Palace of Placentia, O2 Arena (Millennium Dome), the Royal Naval College and the visitor centre of Greenwich.
There are boat rides available through the Thames to Greenwich, also passing by Big Ben. Greenwich is a beautiful area with a panoramic view of the city of London, where you can also go hiking next to the Thames River and also the park where Greenwich is one of the houses of Queen overlooking the park, the royal palace of Placentia (Queen House) Metro station: Greenwich.
16. London City: London City is a region located within Greater London, is historically the core of London where the great metropolis of London has developed since the middle ages, having almost exactly one square mile (2.6 km ²) in area a large business centre including the famous buildings Bala (the Gherkin) and the Wolf Canary (Canary Wolf). Nearest Underground Station: Liverpool Street Station
17. Abbey Road: Famous London street where the Beatles crossed the zebra crossing near the studio where the album was produced Abbey Road. There is not really much here other than a standard zebra crossing.
Nearest Underground Station: St. John’s Wood.
Shopping in London
18. Piccadilly: One of the most famous corners of London with its neon billboards and the statue of Eros. Piccadilly Circus connects Regent Street, Picadilly and Shaftesbury Avenue. Regent Street is famous for boutique shops and the Ritz Hotel. Nearest Underground Station: Piccadilly Circus.
19. Harrods: Harrods is in Knightsbridge. It is the largest department store in Europe. Situated in one of the most sophisticated districts of London. Harrods is all about luxury and stocks only the highest quality products. Subway Station: Knightsbridge.
20. Harvey Nichols: luxury department store in Knightsbridge district, offering products of famous brands and respected Nearest Underground Station: Knightsbridge.
21. Regent Street: the famous street of boutique shops in London. It runs between Hyde Park and Piccadilly Circus. It is the main shopping street in London, including Fortnum & Mason, the Burlington Arcade. Nearest Underground Station: Piccadilly Circus.
22. Hamleys Toy Shop: One of the largest toy stores in the world! The store has seven floors and covers 5,000 square metres. Hamleys is on the at 188-196 Regent Street. Over 5 million people explore the store each year, making it one of the most famous tourist attractions of London. Nearest Underground Station: Piccadilly Circus, Bond Street.
23. Bond Street: A small but exceptionally stylish London street, also known as fashion street. It has many designer shops, most of the worlds top clothing brands are here. Expensive. Nearest Underground Station: Bond Street.
24.Oxford Street : The largest shopping street in London with all the main high street shops. Oxford Street is famous for the world’s best known brands shops, UK chains. Ideal for shopping. There are also cafes and pubs off on side streets. Metro Station: Oxford Circus.
25. Camden Lock Market: It is famous for its local craft market in traditional London streets. The Camden Market is a famous tourist attraction in London, with a rustic and eclectic style. Nearest Metro Station: Camden Town.
26. Portobello Road Market: Famous London Market that sells unusual antiques, fruit, vegetables and clothing, among others. Nearest Underground Station: Notting Hill Gate.
27. Shepherd Market: A market street of London situated in attractive area and luxurious Mayfair area.Metro Station: Green Park.
28. Soho: London’s favourite area at night, with several restaurants and clubs. Great food, music and entertainment. Includes London’s Red Light district. Nearest Underground Station: Oxford Circus.
29. Trafalgar Square: Square in central London with one of the most vibrant open spaces in the heart of London where it is Nelson’s Column and the National Gallery. The National Gallery contains one of the world’s most famous paintings! A cultural area where various artistic events happen. Nearest Underground Station: Charing Cross.
30. Covent Garden: Attractive London Square with market stalls selling fruits and vegetables, shops, cafes and bars. A picturesque area dominated by several shops is also an amusement centre with artists working in the street. It is also the gateway to the Royal Opera House. Nearest Underground Station: Covent Garden.
31. Leicester Square: The most famous square in London’s West End. It is a pedestrian area with a park in the central part being surrounded by restaurants, bars, cinemas and nightclubs. A well-visited area of London by day and night, which sometimes shows film premiers which are attended by the films stars. Nearest Metro Station: Leicester Square.
Parks of London
32. Hyde Park: The largest and most famous park in central London. Full of tourist attractions, including boat ride and memorial of Princess Diana. It also includes Kensington Gardens (Kensington Garden). Opened to the public in 1635 by King Charles I, Hyde Park is a large green area in the centre of London where people rest, walk, run and sunbathe in the summer. An ideal place to relax and picnic park Nearest Underground Station: Hyde Park.
33. St James Park / St James Palace park and oldest palace in London, built by King Henry VIII, is close to Green Park and Buckingham Palace. A real beautiful park with a small lake in the centre, very picturesque Nearest Underground Station: St. James Park.
34. Green Park: Situated close to Buckingham Palace Palace, an ideal place for a picnic and rest during your tour in London Underground Station site: Green Park.
Theatres, galleries and museums in London
35. The Shakespeare Theatre, The Globe: A rustic theatre based in Shakespeare on the edge of the Thames, which was rebuilt with the same characteristics as the show home built in 1599, where Shakespeare worked and where he wrote several pieces. The theatre sessions are open from April to October with productions of the works of Shakespeare and other writers of his time as well as current writers. The audience watches the pieces of a gallery with benches or standing in the central arena, just as they did 400 years ago Nearest Underground Station: Southwark or London Bridge.
36 Museum of Natural History: A major London museums with exhibits of dinosaur skeletons and also specimens collected by Darwin Metro Station: South Kensington.
37 Museum of London. Contains artefacts, photographs and objects of archaeology on the history of London and its population Nearest Underground Station: Barbican.
38. Imperial War Museum: Contains collection on the wars that occurred in the twentieth century and the twentieth one involving the United Kingdom, including the First and Second World War Nearest Underground Station: Waterloo Station.
39 Sherlock Holmes Museum: Located in Baker Street Sherlock Holmes museum takes the visitor to the past with a sample of ancient artefacts in a house of the season 1881. Nearest Underground Station: Baker Street.
40. Tate Modern Gallery: Gallery of Modern Art in London with exhibitions of contemporary art, including exhibitions of famous artists. The Tate gallery contains collections of British art from 1500 to the present day and also has an impressive collection of international modern artists from 1900 to date Metro Station: Southwark or London Bridge.
41. O2 Arena (The Millennium Dome): A gym domed originally built to celebrate the millennium with various views on the Greenwich peninsula, currently used as an entertainment centre Metro station: Greenwich North.
42. London Dungeon: Museums and fun centre involving macabre stories about the city of London. . Including scenes of medieval plague, torture equipment used in medieval times, the fire of London in 1666 and scenes of imprisonment Nearest tube station: London Bridge.
43. The Making of Harry Potter – Warner Bros Studio: Sightseeing in movie studio where the Harry Potter movies were filmed. Located on Aerodrome Way, Leavesden, Watford, Hertfordshire. Opening hours Monday to Sunday between 10am-6.30pm. The entrance tickets must be purchased in advance online or by phone 0845 084 0900 as they are not sold at the door. The studio is located in Watford, the station nearest to Watford Junction train is 32 kilometres from London. Trains leave from Euston station in London. Arriving at Watford Junction station, there are 30 executive coaches in 30 minutes taking passengers to the studio. Plan to arrive at Watford Junction station at least 45 minutes before the time of your tour.
44. London Aquarium: One of the largest aquariums in Europe with a modern architecture and over 1,000 creatures on display Nearest Underground Station: Westminster and Waterloo.
45. Regent’s Park – London Zoo: Regent park has several tourist activities including London Zoo, boating, sports activities and also outdoor theatre. Nearest Underground Station: Regent’s Park and Baker Street.